Yarrow is an herb that is closely related to chamomile. It is native to Europe and Western Asia but has been naturalized in North America, Australia, and New Zealand. Herbal legend has described that yarrow (Achillea Mille Scratchium) is named after Achilles, the Greek mythological hero, who used it to prevent the bleeding wounds of his soldiers during the Trojan War. 1200 BC. In the Middle Ages, yarrow leaves were rolled up and stuffed into the nose to stop bleeding. For centuries, yarrow has been popular in European folk medicine with many health benefits, in part because yarrow contains flavonoids (phytochemicals) that support the production of normal saliva and stomach acids, which aid in healthy digestion.
- 1. The active ingredient in Yarrow
- 2. Top 5 Yarrow health benefits
- 3. Notes when using Yarrow
1. The active ingredient in Yarrow
✅ For medical purposes, Yarrow flowers, leaves, and stems are all used. These parts are rich in phytochemical nutrients and phytonutrients, especially flavonoids and terpenes. These active ingredients have very good anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. So Yarrow offers users various health benefits.
2. Top 5 Yarrow health benefits
2.1 Yarrow health benefits: Anti-inflammatory
✅ While inflammation is a natural body reaction, chronic inflammation can lead to cell, tissue, and organ damage. Yarrow can reduce skin and liver inflammation, can help treat skin infections, signs of skin aging, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Many studies support its anti-inflammatory action. A 2017 article in the Journal of Ethnology said it has “a pronounced anti-inflammatory property” with a positive effect on the skin’s pH balance and its moisture. Although these results are promising, human research is needed.
2.2 Yarrow health benefits: Healing
✅ Since ancient Greece, yarrow has been used in poultices and ointments to treat wounds. An animal study showed that yarrow leaf extract exhibited anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, both of which aid in wound healing. What’s more, this study notes that yarrow leaf extract can increase fibroblasts, which are responsible for regenerating connective tissue and helping your body recover from injury.
2.3 Yarrow health benefits: Treatment of digestive disorders
✅ Yarrow has long been used to treat digestive problems like ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), symptoms including stomach pain, diarrhea, flatulence, and constipation. In fact, this herb contains several flavonoids and alkaloids, which are plant compounds known to alleviate digestive symptoms. An African study demonstrated the antispasmodic effect of Achillea Mille Scratchium L. in part of the digestive system, meaning it may be beneficial in conditions associated with spasms in the gastrointestinal tract, like irritable bowel syndrome.
2.4 Yarrow health benefits: Improve mood
✅ Yarrow tea has long been used to improve mood. The flavonoids and alkaloids in yarrow tea can alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. Studies show that plant-derived alkaloid such as yarrow tea reduces the secretion of corticosterone, a hormone that causes high stress during chronic stress. One study found that oral yarrow essential oil for rats reduced anxiety and encouraged daily physical and mental activity.
2.5 Yarrow health benefits: Good for the brain
✅ Yarrow has been shown to support a number of brain disorders, such as Alzheimer’s, neurodegenerative diseases, including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and epilepsy.
✅ A recent animal study noted that yarrow extract reduced the severity of encephalitis and spinal cord and brain damage it caused. Additionally, a rat study showed that yarrow’s antioxidant had anti-epileptic effects, making this herb a promising treatment for people with epilepsy. Additional mouse studies suggest that this plant may prevent symptoms of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, such as memory loss and impaired motor and muscle tone. However, these studies are limited to animals and need to be supplemented in humans.
3. Notes when using Yarrow
- When taken orally, Yarrow may cause drowsiness and frequent urination. If sensitive skin comes in contact with eucalyptus, it can cause dermatitis or irritation.
- If you are allergic to chamomile flowers, you may also be allergic to Yarrow. Using too much Yarrow can also make you sensitive to sunlight.
- Yarrow is usually not toxic, but because it contains a small amount of thujone should be used with caution. Thujone is found in wormwood, if consumed in large amounts, thujone can cause brain anesthesia.
- Yarrow also contains coumarin, which can thin the blood. This is why you should not use this herb with anticoagulants such as Aspirin, Warfarin
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women and children should consult a physician before use.
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