On the market today there are many milk products with different effects. But there are five important ingredients: protein, fat, lactose, micronutrients, and water. Different types of milk have different proportions of ingredients, some even have special ingredients. In this part. I will introduce the basic ingredients in fresh milk, the next part will cover other types of milk.
1. Milk products: Fresh milk
1.1 Whey protein and casein protein
✅ Milk is an excellent source of protein. There are two types of proteins in milk: casein and whey. Casein proteins in milk combine with some minerals in milk and form micelles (containing about 65% water, the rest are caseins and minerals including calcium, magnesium, phosphate …). Acids, salts, or high temperatures can cause caseins to solidify because it is dehydrated. Whey protein also coagulates under heat, acids, and salts. This is the basic secret for making yogurt and cheese.
✅ Milk is also a good source of fat. Unprocessed milk contains 4% fat, but the fat content in commercial milk varies by type. There are many different types of fat in milk. Milk fat is mainly composed of saturated fat. The fat in milk often has low cholesterol.
✅ The sugar in milk is called lactose and is only found in milk. Lactose gives a slightly sweet taste to milk. Lactose can only be digested by a specific enzyme produced by the body. Some people cannot drink fresh milk because they cannot digest lactose in milk. Their body lacks the enzyme lactase in the digestive system. Without lactase, lactose cannot be broken down into glucose and galactose so it can be absorbed and burned into energy.
1.4 Vitamins and minerals
✅ Milk is an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals. Calcium and magnesium help stabilize milk mixes, Calcium helps strengthen bones and teeth. Milk is also rich in riboflavin, a vitamin that can be destroyed by light, so it needs to be stored in light-blocking containers. Milk fat contains vitamin A. Many dairy products are fortified with vitamins and other valuable minerals.
2. Milk for weight loss
✅ Weight loss milk is a type of milk product that can support weight loss. Normally, weight loss milk products will include substances that inhibit fat synthesis, enhance the conversion of fat into energy. At the same time, it also provides a balanced diet of protein and essential vitamins in place of daily meals. Therefore, when using the product, it will support an effective and safe weight loss process. Weight loss milk is possible with additional ingredients for safe weight loss:
- CLA: (Conjugated Linoleic Acid) is a fatty acid, found naturally in beef and milk and has been shown to reduce fat in numerous studies that help inhibit subcutaneous fat synthesis, improve the system immunity of the body.
- L- Carnitine: enhances the ability to convert fat into energy to maintain activity. Supplying energy to organs like the liver, kidneys, heart, and immune cells.
- Balancing nutrition between protein, vitamins, and minerals helps ensure the requirements of the body.
3. Milk products : Formula milk
✅ Formulated milk, also known as infant formula, is a formula made exclusively for babies and children under 12 months of age, which simulates the chemical formula of breast milk and is used for Full or partial replacement for breast milk.
✅ Formula milk has the same ingredients as breast milk, it has a formula similar to breast milk in helping children have a healthy body with growth in height, weight and brain development, vision, emotions, communication skills, immune system. In addition to protein, sugar, fat and essential vitamins and minerals like in regular milk, the formula needs some special additional nutrients (choline, DHA, ARA, beta-glucan, prebiotic …). Although there are many brands, formula milk is generally the same because the formula must comply with the regulations of the food management agencies.
4. Milk gaining weight
✅ Although milk is for weight gain, it is important to note that weight gain milk cannot completely replace your daily diet. In addition to using milk, thin people need to increase the intake of nutritious natural foods. Combine a good diet with the daily milk-drinking routine to improve your weight soon.
✅ In addition to the basic components of weight gain, milk can supplement Lysine source – a substance that plays an important role in the absorption of Calcium, synthesizing antibodies for the immune system, so that the body can absorb nutrients well, Help to quickly gain weight. Besides, there are also types of vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, magnesium which help the body to eliminate toxins, healthy from the inside and help appetite, absorb nutrients well, limit stress, fatigue, reduce stress.
5. Milk products: Diabetics milk
✅ Milk for diabetics is not used to drink more but is used instead of meals. Milk can be used in the morning, lunch, and night when patients are unable to eat rice due to fatigue. Do not use milk at the same time for daily meals because this can cause excess energy, overweight, or affect the body’s hormones. Patients may use some unsweetened or skimmed milk. There are many components that can be added to assist diabetics to lower blood sugar and complications :
- MUFA & PUFA: unsaturated fatty acids that help lower blood cholesterol levels, prevent cardiovascular disease.
- Vitamins A, D, β-carotene: Enhance eyesight, limit complications of diabetes to the eyes.
- Vitamins of group B, E, C, Zn: enhance resistance, prevent infectious pathology, improve health.
- Inulin: reduces the rate of absorption of sugar into the blood, prevents constipation, supports intestinal health, increases the absorption of nutrients in foods.